ISE Welcomes Dr. Sarah Henrickson Parker on 10/20/17

Improving healthcare delivery: Understanding individual and team contributions to system performance

Seminar by Dr. Sarah Henrickson Parker

Director of Human Factors Research

Carilion Clinic

Assistant Professor

Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute

Friday, October 20th, 2017 from 11:30am – 12:30pm

210E Baker Systems, 1971 Neil Avenue

My research focuses on better understanding individual and team performance in the complex domain of healthcare. I am interested in improving the delivery of healthcare, and the ‘sharpest end’ of the work system, where providers and patients meet. In this presentation, I will focus on three recent studies that have used multiple methods to evaluate individual and team performance. The first study focuses on observations of team performance in trauma resuscitations, identifying how dynamic team coordination changes and how teams can create re-coordination moments to adaptively coordinate their work. The second study uses a social network approach to understand how safety messages are translated across an intensive care unit. The final study uses a large data set from six hospitals, two healthcare systems to better understand how familiarity among the surgical team impacts patient outcomes. I will also discuss our ongoing research and applied work.

Dr. Sarah Henrickson Parker is the Director of Human Factors Research at Carilion Clinic and an Assistant Professor in the Virginia Tech Carilion Research Institute. She has over 10 years of experience applying human factors and industrial/organizational psychology principles to healthcare. Dr. Parker received her PhD at University of Aberdeen in Scotland. She was a Ruth L. Kirschstein Post Doctoral Fellow. She is currently working on multiple projects focused on optimizing human performance in healthcare, and her research has been funded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, and others. Dr. Parker’s research interests include team performance and communication in high-risk settings, using near-real time physiological feedback to improve clinician performance, and integrating human factors into daily work in hospitals. She has presented at national and international conferences and published over 50 peer reviewed articles and book chapters on human factors and patient safety. Most importantly, Dr. Parker and her husband Michael are parents of Layla, a 4 year old who loves singing and Jack, a 11 month old who will someday love sleeping.

 

 

Tenure-Track Faculty Position at ISE: Manufacturing

The Department of Integrated Systems (ISE) at The Ohio State University, one of the nation’s top ten public universities, invites applications for a tenure-track position in the area of manufacturing, including a strong focus on the multiscale modeling of manufacturing of lightweight structural materials. The appointment will be at the assistant or associate professor level depending on the qualifications and experience of the selected candidate.

Candidates with expertise in the development and simulation of manufacturing processes should demonstrate expertise in one or more of the following areas:

• Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for structural modeling and/or manufacturing
• Advanced microstructure-based modeling of lightweight metals and reinforced polymer composites
• Additive manufacturing of polymer composites or metallic parts
• Manufacturing of nanocomposites of metals, polymers or ceramic matrices
• Scalable Nano manufacturing

Experience in experimental implementation of the manufacturing processes is highly desirable.

A candidate hired with this expertise will be expected to play an active role in the Simulation Innovation and Modeling Center at Ohio State, providing leadership and participating in collaborative research efforts.

We seek persons who will provide leadership and engage in collaboration. Candidates must have earned (or be about to earn) a doctoral degree in engineering or in a closely related field. Manufacturing industry-related experience is highly desirable. The successful candidate will be expected to develop and sustain a strong research program by attracting sponsored research funding, teach core undergraduate and/or graduate courses, supervise graduate student research and provide service at the National and State levels as well as within the University.

Applicants should also demonstrate the background necessary to teach a broader range of courses in manufacturing processes.

Interested candidates should submit an application electronically via Academic Jobs Online at https://academicjobsonline.org/ajo/jobs/10162 . Application materials must include a cover letter, curriculum vitae, a statement of current and future research interests, a statement of teaching philosophy, contact information for three to five references, and copies of up to three published papers.

The Ohio State University College of Engineering is strongly committed to promoting diversity and inclusion in all areas of scholarship, instruction and outreach. In the cover letter, describe experiences, current interests or activities, and/or future goals that promote a climate that values diversity and inclusion in one or more of these areas.

The application deadline is November 30, 2017. Review of applications will begin on December 1, 2017 and will continue until the position is filled.

The Ohio State University is committed to establishing a culturally and intellectually diverse environment, encouraging all members of our learning community to reach their full potential. We are responsive to dual-career families and strongly promote work-life balance to support our community members through a suite of institutionalized policies. We are an NSF Advance Institution and a member of the Ohio/Western Pennsylvania/West Virginia Higher Education Recruitment Consortium.

Tenure-Track Assistant Professor Position at ISE: Additive Manufacturing

The Department of Integrated Systems (ISE) and the Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) at The Ohio State University, one of the nation’s top ten public universities, invite applications for a joint appointment (80% ISE/20%MAE) in a tenure-track position in the area of manufacturing, including a focus on the microstructure-based simulation and modeling of additive manufacturing processes. The appointment will be at the rank of assistant professor. This position is partially funded by the OSU Discovery Themes Initiative within the Materials and Manufacturing for Sustainability focus area.

Candidates with expertise in the development and simulation of additive manufacturing processes should demonstrate expertise in one or more of the following areas:

• Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) for structural modeling and/or manufacturing
• Advanced multi-scale modeling of Additive Manufacturing process for polymer composites or metallic parts

Experience in experimental implementation of the additive manufacturing processes is highly desirable.

A candidate hired with this expertise will be expected to play an active role in the Simulation Innovation and Modeling Center at Ohio State, providing leadership and participating in collaborative research efforts.

We seek persons who will provide leadership and engage in collaboration. Candidates must have earned (or be about to earn) a doctoral degree in engineering or in a closely related field. Manufacturing industry-related experience is highly desirable. The successful candidate will be expected to develop and sustain a strong research program by attracting sponsored research funding, teach core undergraduate and/or graduate courses, supervise graduate student research and provide service at the National and State levels as well as within the University.

Applicants should also demonstrate the background necessary to teach a broader range of courses in manufacturing processes.

Interested candidates should submit an application electronically via Academic Jobs Online at https://academicjobsonline.org/ajo/jobs/10160. Application materials must include a cover letter, curriculum vitae, a statement of current and future research interests, a statement of teaching philosophy, contact information for three to five references, and copies of up to three published papers.

The Ohio State University College of Engineering is strongly committed to promoting diversity and inclusion in all areas of scholarship, instruction and outreach. In the cover letter, describe experiences, current interests or activities, and/or future goals that promote a climate that values diversity and inclusion in one or more of these areas.

The application deadline is November 30, 2017. Review of applications will begin on December 1, 2017 and will continue until the position is filled.

The Ohio State University is committed to establishing a culturally and intellectually diverse environment, encouraging all members of our learning community to reach their full potential. We are responsive to dual-career families and strongly promote work-life balance to support our community members through a suite of institutionalized policies. We are an NSF Advance Institution and a member of the Ohio/Western Pennsylvania/West Virginia Higher Education Recruitment Consortium.

The Ohio State University is an Equal Opportunity/Affirmative Action Employer. Applications from women and other underrepresented or minority groups are strongly encouraged. More information about The Ohio State University’s diversity initiative can be viewed at https://www.osu.edu/initiatives/diversity.html

Tenure Track Faculty Position at ISE: Human Factors/Cognitive Engineering

The Department of Integrated Systems (ISE) at The Ohio State University, one of the nation’s top ten public universities, invites applications for a tenure-track position focusing on collaborative work systems and human/autonomy teaming architectures.The appointment will be at the assistant or associate professor level depending on the qualifications and experience of the selected candidate. ISE offers degrees (BS, MS and Ph.D.) in Industrial and Systems Engineering and its undergraduate and graduate programs are consistently among the top programs ranked by USNWR, as the Department has exceptional strength in all major areas associated with the discipline. The Department also has an excellent record of accomplishment for industry engagement and technology transfer.

This position represents a significant faculty hiring investment to build on the university’s culture of academic collaboration and industry relevance to make a global impact. Specifically, it is meant to deepen collaboration between ISE, University-level discovery themes related to data analytics and resilient infrastructures, the recent Smart Cities initiative awarded to Columbus, OH, and various College-level industry partnerships. ISE will play a central role in these collaborations, focusing on the design and evaluation of innovative human/autonomy teaming architectures that can overcome the inherent brittleness of technologies in complex, safety-critical settings at real-world scale. This focus builds upon the department’s long history of international leadership in using an integrated systems engineering perspective to design autonomous technologies to be better team players.

The successful applicant will excel at creating and participating in interdisciplinary research teams focused on autonomous and decision-support technologies with partners across OSU. The applicant will foster collaborations within ISE, which has a long history of studying how distributed cognitive work systems succeed and fail in a number of different data-rich settings, including aviation, cyber security, electric power, finance, military operations, intelligence analysis, transportation, and healthcare. This person will establish a strong research program that includes field-oriented studies that improve verification and validation techniques for these technologies. He or she will attract research funding from federal, state and industry sources, supervise graduate student research, and disseminate the results of such research through high quality peer-reviewed publications. They will extend current course offerings in automation, macrocognition, cognitive systems engineering and human systems integration at both the undergraduate and graduate levels so that they can design and evaluate autonomous technologies that serve as team players.

Interested candidates should submit an application electronically via Academic Jobs Online at https://academicjobsonline.org/ajo/jobs/10156. Application materials must include a cover letter, curriculum vitae, a statement of current and future research interests, a statement of teaching philosophy, contact information for three to five references, and copies of up to three published papers.

The Ohio State University College of Engineering is strongly committed to promoting diversity and inclusion in all areas of scholarship, instruction and outreach. In the cover letter, describe experiences, current interests or activities, and/or future goals that promote a climate that values diversity and inclusion in one or more of these areas.

The application deadline is November 30, 2017. Review of applications will begin on December 1, 2017 and will continue until the position is filled.

The Ohio State University is committed to establishing a culturally and intellectually diverse environment, encouraging all members of our learning community to reach their full potential. We are responsive to dual-career families and strongly promote work-life balance to support our community members through a suite of institutionalized policies. We are an NSF Advance Institution and a member of the Ohio/Western Pennsylvania/West Virginia Higher Education Recruitment Consortium.

Distinguished Scholar Marras Addresses Congress

Story by Nancy Richison

Executive Director of the Ohio State Spine Research Institute Bill Marras testified before Congress on the innovative ways the Institute is leveraging the Internet of Things (IoT).

“Spine disorders, worldwide, are the most disabling condition known to humankind, and are responsible for over 100 million lost work days per year in the United States alone,” Marras told the House Committee on Energy and Commerce Subcommittee on Digital Commerce and Consumer Protection. “The condition will affect 80% of the population at some point in their lives, and is the second leading cause for physician visits. We spend over $100 billion a year on low back injuries alone in the U.S. Despite increasing treatment costs, the source of the disorder is often difficult to pinpoint resulting in spine surgeries, which are frequently unsuccessful.”

Marras explained the collaboration between engineering and medicine and discussed three breakthroughs utilizing the IoT that the Spine Research Institute is pursuing:

Clinical Lumbar Motion Monitoring – this sensor tracks spine patterns to determine function and degree of impairment to determine the best course of treatment.

Biodynamic Workplace Spine Model – these sensors are used to evaluate occupational risk in order to prevent spine injuries in the workplace.

Personalized Biodynamic Model – by combining IoT data from sensors with a patient’s biomedical data, the Institute can predict the outcome of spine surgeries before they take place.

Marras, who holds the Honda Chair in the ISE Department, asked for Congress’ help in cutting through bureaucratic red tape and increasing federal funding to support research.

Marras also was in the news earlier this year when he was honored as an Ohio State Distinguished Scholar. Ohio State Vice President for Research Caroline Whitacre cited his many accomplishments, including the $31 million his research has generated in grants and contracts to further the study and improve the well-being of people with back pain.

Streamlining Democracy

Story by Nancy Richison

ISE Associate Professor Ted Allen’s trailblazing research of voting systems has cast him in the national spotlight. He has appeared as a statistical expert witness in voting rights cases in Michigan, North Carolina, New Mexico and Ohio. The Franklin County (Ohio) Board of Elections has tapped into Allen’s extensive knowledge to determine the number of voting machines needed to improve the Election Day experience in the Columbus area.

Allen, whose expertise extends to simulation optimization, big data analytics and cyber security, sees opportunities to transfer the same practical applications used for the voting experience to other arenas, including the Transportation Security Administration process at airports and on auto assembly lines.

The simulation software he has developed to predict problem voting areas is free and available to election officials.

In addition to leading the Security & Efficiency Analytics Laboratory (SEAL, blying.com), Allen is an inaugural member of the MIT Election Data and Science Lab (MEDSL). Alumni or others interested in contributing to reductions for in-person voting times or increasing access to voting, should contact Allen at allen.515@osu.edu or (614) 292-1793, and he will be happy to provide connections to projects and other resources.

Investigating Occupational Hazards in the Tattoo Industry

Story by Nancy Richison

Photo by Giovanni Da Rin Betta

With the rise in popularity of tattoos, ISE Associate Professor Carolyn Sommerich and former master’s student Dana Keester, spent a summer studying tattoo artists at work. What they discovered is that the artists’ working conditions expose them to risk factors for developing muscle and joint pain.

“Tattoo artists are an understudied worker population with respect to investigation of work-related musculoskeletal (MSK) discomfort and associated risk factors,” Sommerich and Keester wrote in the abstract of their paper, “Investigation of musculoskeletal discomfort, work postures, and muscle activation among practicing tattoo artists,” which was published in Applied Ergonomics.

In what is believed to be the first study of its kind, the researchers found that tattoo artists’ aches and pains can be attributed to the positions they are in while working on clients and focused on their artwork. Sommerich and Keester offered some potential solutions to alleviate their pain, including finding specialized chairs, taking more frequent breaks and changing positions; research on the feasibility of these intervention ideas is still needed.

The paper was cited in articles in Science Daily, American Council on Science and Health, Physical Therapy Products, and the Lincoln Journal Star.

Solving the ‘Chicken and Egg’ Conundrum

Story by Nancy Richison

Fortune magazine took notice of the methodology developed by Associate Professor Ramteen Sioshansi and former PhD students Xiaomin Xi and Fei Wu that looks at the optimal locations for public charging stations for electric vehicles. In the article, Sioshansi notes that consumers aren’t buying electric cars because there aren’t enough charging stations and stations aren’t being built because enough electric cars aren’t being sold.

Sioshansi’s solution is a model that he believes can be replicated anywhere. Build the charging stations in locations that offer other activities so that consumers can shop or visit tourist areas, while waiting to charge their cars.

The research was conducted as part of the U.S./China Clean Energy Research Center, with the U.S. portion funded by the Department of Energy.

The findings from Sioshansi’s report, “A stochastic flow-capturing model to optimize the location of fast-charging stations with uncertain electric vehicle flows,” also were featured in Government Technology, Columbus Dispatch, The Lantern, Today’s Motor Vehicles and EV World.

ISE Welcomes New Faculty Member in Complex Systems Modeling and Nonlinear Optimization

Chen Chen has joined the Department of Integrated Systems Engineering as an Assistant Professor in September of 2017 as part of the Sustainable and Resilient Economy program.

Chen received his Bachelor’s degree in Industrial Engineering in 2010 from the University of Toronto. He earned his PhD degree in Industrial Engineering and Operations Research in 2015 from the University of California, Berkeley. Prior to joining the ISE department he was a postdoc in the IEOR department at Columbia University. He has also interned at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission and the Ontario Power Authority.

Chen focuses on both the theory and implementation of algorithms for convex integer programming and (nonconvex) polynomial optimization. He is currently looking at applications in power systems (e.g. dispatch and planning problems) and in statistical learning (e.g. variable selection and neural network training).

You can read more about Chen here.

ISE Welcomes Dr. Sheuwen Chuang on 9/20/17

Resilient Performance: How One Hospital Dealt with a Mass Burn Casualty Event

 Seminar by Dr. Sheuwen Chuang

 CEO at Health Policy and Care Research Center

Associate Professor at School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University

 Wednesday, September 20th, 2017 from 4:00 – 5:00 pm

Smith Lab 1005, 174 W. 18th Avenue

The Formosa Fun Coast Dust Explosion (FFCDE) occurred around 20:30 on Saturday June 27 2015 at the Formosa Fun Coast Park in New Taipei City. Nearly 300 emergency vehicles were dispatched. Within 6 hours, 499 victims were delivered to 34 hospitals. Victims, average age of 23, wore flammable swimwear resulting in large total body surface area burns (TBSA, average 44 %; 281 people with TBSA > 40%, 41 people > 80%). The talk will focus on how one public hospital responded to the surge in patients from the FFCDE disaster.

This study applies resilience engineering concepts and cognitive systems engineering techniques for data analysis. Under overwhelming demand and uncertainty for the hospital that does not specialize in emergency burn cases, the study reveals how the hospital demonstrated resilient performance in dealing with difficulties over multiple dimensions, i.e. medical materials, ICU/general ward beds, personnel, and ED space. The talk will cover how clinical staff adapted to handle the patient surge.

 Dr. Sheuwen Chuang is CEO, Health Policy and Care Research Center, and Associate Professor, School of Health Care Administration, Taipei Medical University. She also is part of the international Resilient Health Care Network which had its most recent meeting this summer in Vancouver. Dr. Chuang has been consultant for patient safety management and quality improvement in hospitals for more than 10 years.

She received her PhD in Industrial Engineering and Enterprise Information from Tunghai University, Taiwan. She was a post-doctoral researcher in the School of Medicine & Public Health, University of Newcastle, AU, which was funded by Endeavour Research Fellowship Awards from Australian Education International in 2008-2009.

She has been visiting the ISE department this summer working on applying Resilience Engineering to emergency medicine and other health care issues.